Glaucoma is a progressive disease that diminishes the capacity of the optic nerve to transmit visual information to the brain. When left untreated or uncontrolled, it results in a gradual and irreversible loss of vision. Peripheral vision is initially impaired followed by a decrease in central vision and an eventual complete loss of sight.
Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the world. In the United States alone more than 3 million people are afflicted with glaucoma, and 120,000 have gone blind from the disease. However, because many types of glaucoma develop without any pain or symptoms, an individual who has not had routine eye care may be completely unaware that they have glaucoma until significant damage to their vision has taken place.
As your eye doctor, our office carefully monitors your vision to check for the presence of a comprehensive range of conditions that may compromise the health of your eyes and the quality of your vision. Glaucoma is diagnosed with an examination that involves measuring the pressure inside your eyes and examining the optic nerve as well as assessing its function. Moreover, we'll also check your peripheral vision to determine if any blind spots have developed. If indicated, additional testing will be conducted to provide information relevant to diagnosis and care.
Although there is no cure for glaucoma just yet, we can help you manage and control the condition to help preserve your vision. Treatment varies depending on the severity of the disease. Current therapies for the most common form of glaucoma are aimed at reducing the intraocular pressure. Treatment may include eye drops, pills, laser procedures or surgical operations to slow down the progression of the disease and prevent further damage.